Saro-Wiwa, Ken // Research in African Literatures;Spring1992, Vol. By ecriture, one is referring to the written text which is propagated as a social institution, invested with ‘public’ meanings. We knew what happened in Rwanda in the 1994 when more than a million Rwandans lost their lives to ethnic cleansing. African literature refers to the literature of the African peoples. This should be a crucial element, before adopting other languages. This interpretation was historic, and a typical example of how British colonisation and a British education system impacted on language use. There are many reasons as to why it would not be feasible to banish the use of European languages in Africa, in replace of an African language. ‘Nation’ is an aggregate of people, nay African people, desirous of physical and mental liberation in which development is a target. However, some writers argue that Africa cannot return to its past and that it is important to acknowledge and understand how the … by Ntongela Masilela The question of language today in Africa is probably one of, if not the most fundamental issue, in our cultural politics today. Compared to other cultures, the African culture is new to ecriture (writing). Most languages spoken in Africa belong to one of three large language families: Afroasiatic, Nilo-Saharan and Niger–Congo.Another hundred belong to smaller families such as Ubangian (sometimes grouped within Niger-Congo) and the various families called Khoisan, or the Indo-European and Austronesian language families mainly spoken outside Africa; the presence of the latter two dates … By the Nigerian tradition in literature, I further mean that tradition which takes its roots from our oral literature and folkways and is given ballast by vigorous and robust recourse to our folk culture. It was probably the non-involvement of the African-experience data in the continent’s development forward lunge that led Steve Ogude to observe that “the greatest problem of development in modern African societies is that it is not rooted in the African tradition”. African Literature and the Language Issue . As more African literature began to be written and published in European languages, some scholars have criticized its place in the African academic community. The use of English in African literature can most definitely be viewed as a necessary evil. Consequently, to grow demands that we do so according to our personal and national capabilities, potentialities and endowments, needs and environments. "But the search for new directions in language, literature, theatre, poetry, fiction and scholarly studies in Africa is part and parcel of the overall struggles of African people against imperialism in its neocolonial stage. African literature written in the postcolonial era by authors of African descent. Truth be told, the African writer who must earn respectable financial dividend from his/her writing would have to write in one of the major world languages, of which the English language is a prominent one. Colonialism controlled and limited the use of African languages by imposing negative and stereotypical views upon these African languages. Language and communication are without doubt two of the most important factors in the learning process. In a 1953 landmark publication, UNESCO underscored the importance of educating children in their mother-tongue (UNESCO, 1953). African literature, literary works of the African continent. Century when attempts to put some African languages into . 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