Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Keith Rushforth and Charles Hollis. Field Guide to the Trees of North America (Washington, D.C., National Geographic, 2006), p.171. Once flowered, the flowers appear as small, about ½" across, and consist of 5 white obovately shaped petals, 5 green sepals, 15-22 stamens, and a central pistil with a flattened stigma on each individual flower. The leaves of the wild cherry tree are approximately 6" long by 2" inches wide, have an ovate shape, and are oriented alternatively along the branches of the tree. Black Cherries can grow under a wide range of climatic and soil conditions, growing on a variety of soil types, textures, and drainages.This species reportedly prefers mesic sites (places with a moderate amount of moisture). (Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Volume 6, Number 28, June 1899). Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! 546-547. The fruit is one-third of an inch wide, about the size of a large pea, and starts out red before turning black-purple by late summer or early autumn. In Canada, it is found in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, and southern Quebec. New York Natural Heritage Program. The fruit is used for making jelly and wine and can also be used as a seasoning. The emerging leaves of the Black Cherry are often reddish. Often, cherry trees will be filled with birds. A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants. It commonly attains heights of 60 feet and diameters of up to 2 feet on good sites; on less desirable sites it is often much smaller in size. The wood is also used for paneling, professional and scientific instruments, veneers, handles, interior trim, and toys. Retrieved 18 December 2019. Trees, Shrubs, and Wildflowers of Eastern North America (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1992), pp. Mark J. Twery, et al. The leaves of a black cherry are 2-5 inches long and lacking ridges. Trees of Wisconsin. Prunus serotina. Online Conservation Guide for Spruce Flats. Native American Ethnobotany. Prunus serotina Ehrhart var. The wild black cherry tree takes its name from the color of both its edible fruit and its bark. It is best not to plant a black cherry tree near a concrete drive, walkways or wooden decks. The ideal conditions for Black Cherry growth vary by regional populations, but all varieties are fast-growing pioneers that prefer well-drained soils. Mature bark looses its sheen but stays smoother without the typical deep bark grooves. Black Cherry. White-tailed deer, moose and cottontails will browse the tree, eating the bark.  Retrieved 25 February 2017. Black cherry causes significant leaf and fruit litter, which can stain. http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=66, https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_prse2.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242417060, http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.as…, http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/ST/ST51600.pdf, Once Upon a Wild Cherry: A Children's Tale and a Poem by Emily Xiao and Ivanna Soto-Medrano. New York State. The mature bark is dark and scaly, often flipping on the edges. Field Guide. 379. The Plants Database. Wild black cherry trees tend to have an oval or pyramidal shape, with the ends of the branches drooping downward. 2019. A Field Guide (Utica, New York: North Country Books, Inc., 1990), p. 45, Plate 14. The fruit is one-third of an inch wide, about the size of a large pea, and starts out red before turning black-purple by late summer or early autumn. Black cherry has a high drought tolerance and moderate salt tolerance, although it prefers wetter environments. The Chippewa applied a poultice of the inner bark to cuts and wounds. In the spring, the leaves have a pair of brightly-colored stipules (outgrowths on either side of the leaf stalk). New York Natural Heritage Program. White-tailed deer, moose and cottontails will browse the tree, eating the bark. 2019. The edges of each leaf are finely toothedToothed: Leaves which have a saw-toothed edge. Furthermore, the young bark is very shiny with small, horizontal strips of lenticels. It is a relatively fast growing plant and can increase in size by more than 2 feet per year. Subscription web site. Gil Nelson, Christopher J. Earle, and Richard Spellenberg. Trees of Eastern North America (Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2014), pp. Black Cherry grows in eastern North America from western Minnesota south to eastern Texas, and eastward to the Atlantic from central Florida to Nova Scotia. Research Note NE-380, p. 5. The species is widespread and common in North America and South America. serotina.  Retrieved 25 February 2017. The green cherries turn dark red, then purple-black at maturity during the fall.

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