Most mammals (including most humans) are polygamous, meaning they have more than one mate at a time. Especially for women, unsatisfying exclusive relationships are associated with serious negative health effectsConflict and collaboration in middle-aged and older couples: I. Why do some animals mate with one partner rather than many? Acevedo, B.P., Aron, A., Fisher, H.E., et al. See a certified medical professional for diagnosis. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Given the universality of fathering and bi-parental care among humans, it would seem that humans have evolved in a monogamous direction. Family Process, 2011 Sep;50(3):353-76. doi: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2011.01365.x.Estimating the strength of sexual selection from Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA diversity. Male infanticide leads to social monogamy in primates. Give yourself and your partner(s) proactive support. Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. Monogamy is an intrinsically unstable mating strategy. Age differences in agency and communion during marital interaction, Sexual satisfaction and relationship happiness in midlife and older couples in five countries, The science of interpersonal touch: an overview, How to Muffle the Sound of a Vibrator When Your Walls Are Paper Thin, Pull up a couch: It Might Be Time to Welcome a Professional into Your Relationship(s), 13 Ideas for a COVID-Safe Virtual Friendsgiving, So You’re a Ghost Guy, Like-to-Disappear Guy, To Snack or Not to Snack: What Happens When You Go to Bed Hungry, Mental Exhaustion Is More Than Just Feeling Tired — Here’s How You Can Recalibrate, Therapy for Stress? Get the latest research from NIH: Walum, H., Westberg, L., Henningsson, S., et al. Till death do us part… right? Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. In one study, participants looked at photos of their sweeties and results indicated lovebirds in long-term partnerships showed levels of pleasure-boosting hormones similar to people in new relationshipsNeural correlates of long-term intense romantic love. For humans, the optimal evolutionary strategy is monogamy when necessary, polygamy when possible. But for the rest of us bonding to one partner, the benefits could be more rewarding than any type of bed-hoppingNeural correlates of long-term intense romantic love. In fact, this is rather common. NLM Monogamy--a bond between two partners of opposite sex--is a relatively rare phenomenon in mammals (3-5%, from a total of 4000 mammalian species). A monogamic bond strongly favors the evolution of male investment in the raising of offspring, as is the case in most birds (90% of bird species are monogamic and most exhibit biparental care of young). 3) The female needs help during the pregnancy (protection, food). A tendency to social monogamy has evolved, however, and is subject to strong reinforcement by cultural factors, particularly religion. Epub 2010 Aug 3.. Schuiling, G.A., Division of Human Biology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Monogamy Is Not "Natural" For Human Beings It's complicated: The imprint of polygamy. Epub 2013 Jul 29. Get the latest public health information from CDC: Human monogamy might have arisen when females were separated and solitary, and a male needed to stick close to one mate to guard her, added Lukas, “but it is also possible that monogamy … And certain couples are coming up with their own terms of commitment, agreeing to have flings with other people on the side. Long-term partnerships are linked to a lower risk of depression, better heart health, a stronger immune system, and better cancer survival rates. 2004 May;79(2):351-75. doi: 10.1017/s1464793103006304. Young, K.A., Gobrogge, K.L., Liu, Y., et al. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2003 Mar;24(1):55-61.. Mackiewicz D, Posacki P, Burdukiewicz M, Błażej P. Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 12;8(1):8978. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27219-1. A review of causes and consequences of monogamy. Acevedo, B.P., Aron, A., Fisher, H.E., et al. Therapy is a great tool for managing stress and related problems. Give It a Louder-Than-Life Yes, Not a Fan of Being on Top? HHS Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY. Acevedo, B.P., Aron, A., Fisher, H.E., et al. Benefits include the (relative) certainty of access to the partner's reproductive potential, but the chief disadvantage is that access to other potential partners is strongly diminished, particularly in those cases where males exhibit strong mate-guarding behavior. Mate-guarding, in particular the guarding by males of females with a good territory or of females that accept the territory of a male, has been shown to be the most important selective pressure leading to the evolution of monogamy. Q Rev Biol. Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. Interestingly, scientists have discovered a male gene that’s linked to pair-bonding, and not every guy out there has itGenetic variation in the vasopressin receptor 1a gene (AVPR1A) associates with pair-bonding behavior in humans. Let us introduce Zoomsgiving — and how to nail…. Across the globe, about 95 percent of mammalian species and 85 percent of human cultures are polygamousCooperative breeding and monogamy in mammalian societies. There are plenty of possible theories to explain the increasing rates of monogamy in the USA. Lukas, D., Clutton-Brock, T. Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge UK. Research comparing the health status of monogamous and polygamous couples is pretty scarce, but studies suggest pairing off has benefits for our health and happiness that flying solo doesn’tThe neurobiology of pair bonding: insights from a socially monogamous rodent. 1997 Sep 22;264(1386):1261-70. doi: 10.1098/rspb.1997.0174.

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