In English, readers rely on the order in which words appear in a sentence to indicate the grammatical function of each word. There are three declensions in Greek. If a vowel is underlined, then we replace the ο in the stem with that vowel. 4. Ancient Greek is the form of Greek used during the periods of time spanning c. the 9th – 6th century BC (known as Archaic), c. the 5th – 4th century BC (Classical), and c. the 3rd century BC – 6th century AD (Hellenistic) in ancient Greece and the ancient world. 1st declension endings for the FEMININE are ᾰ in the nom. Noun and Adjective Declensions. For these adjectives: Both the MASCULINE and FEMININE forms share the SAME ENDINGS as 2nd DECLENSION MASCULINE nouns. Greek nouns of the first declension are feminine or masculine. 2. Second Declension . and acc. Like some FIRST DECLENSION nouns, e.g. In the Attic and Koine dialects, the lemma form of feminine nouns ends in -η, -ᾰ, -ᾱ (-ē, -a, -ā), and that of masculine nouns in -ης, -ᾱς (-ēs, -ās).. An overview of first-declension endings in Attic and Koine. Declensions are basically the spelling patterns for stem and case endings. Note, though, that the persistent ACCENT remains on the – ε – sound. Three-Ending 1st and 3rd Declension Adjectives (3-1-3) Two-Ending Adjectives: 2nd Declension (2-2) A handful of adjectives, usually compounds, use 2nd DECLENSION endings for ALL GENDERS. τιμή -ῆς, second declension nouns can have a persistent accent on the ultima of all inflected forms.When this happens, a CIRCUMFLEX is used on the genitive and dative, singular and plural; an ACUTE accent falls on the nominative and accusative, singular and plural. Buy the book, or request an exam copy.. AtticGreek.org is the home of the revised Ancient Greek Tutorials by Donald Mastronarde, adjusted to conform to the changes made in the second edition of Introduction to Attic Greek (University of California Press 2013) and to provide additional supplements to that book. Nouns.—Introductory. There are five CASES in Greek, the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative.. sing. Cases. In other words, to form the aorist passive participle, add – θείς – θεῖσα – θέν to the verb stem. Lesson 3. To decline a second-declension noun, we take the ending in the table and add it to the stem (which always ends in -ο). 29. Greek has A-stem noun and adjectives (1st declension), O-stem noun and adjectives (2nd declension), and consonant stems (3rd declension). Accent of Second Declension Nouns. Second declension nouns and adjectives end in -ο, and their declension follows the pattern given below.

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